OBADIAH

OBADIAH
OBADIAH, king of the Khazars, a descendant of Būlān, and collateral ancestor of joseph according to the Reply of Joseph (see khazars ). Obadiah is mentioned in the correspondence as a reformer in Khazaria who "renewed the state, established the (Jewish) religion, built synagogues and colleges, sent for many of the wise men of Israel and gave them much silver and gold, and they explained to him the books of the Bible, Mishnah and Talmud, and the whole liturgy" (Reply, short version). This reform probably took place in about 800 C.E., i.e., about the time when, according to Masʿūdī (Murūj al-Dhahab, vol. 2, 8–9), the Khazar king accepted Judaism (see Būlān ). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D.M. Dunlop, History of the Jewish Khazars (1954), 144, 148; M.I. Artamonov, Istoriya Khazar (1962), 278–80. (Douglas Morton Dunlop)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Obadiah — 1 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Obadiah — m English: from a biblical name meaning ‘servant of God’ in Hebrew (cf. Arabic Abdullah, which has the same meaning). This was the name of a prophet who gave his name to one of the shorter books of the Bible, and of two other minor biblical… …   First names dictionary

  • Obadiah — masc. proper name, fourth of the Twelve Prophets of the Old Testament, from Hebrew Obhadyah, lit. servant of the Lord, from abhadh he served, worshipped, related to Arabic abada he served, abd slave, worshipper …   Etymology dictionary

  • Obadiah — [ō΄bə dī′ə] n. [ult. < Heb ʼ ōbhadhyāh, lit., servant of the Lord] 1. a masculine name 2. a) Bible a Hebrew prophet b) the book of his prophecies: abbrev. Ob or Obad …   English World dictionary

  • Obadiah — For other uses, see Obadiah (disambiguation). This article is about the prophet attributed to being the author of the Book of Obadiah. Obadiah (pronounced /ˌoʊbə …   Wikipedia

  • Obadiah — /oh beuh duy euh/, n. 1. a Minor Prophet. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: Obad. * * * flourished between the 9th and 6th century BC One of the 12 Minor Prophets in the Bible, traditional author of the book of Obadiah. The shortest …   Universalium

  • Obadiah — (late 11–12th century)    Convert from Catholicism. Among the material discovered in the Cairo Geniza in the early 20 century were documents relating to a certain Obadiah born in the late 11 century in Italy. The documents included an… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Obadiah — noun 1. a Hebrew minor prophet • Syn: ↑Abdias • Instance Hypernyms: ↑prophet 2. an Old Testament book telling Obadiah s prophecies; the shortest book in the Christian Bible • Syn: ↑Abdias, ↑Book of Obadiah …   Useful english dictionary

  • Obadiah — noun a) A book of the Old Testament of the Bible, and of the Tanakh. The vision of Obadiah. Thus saith the Lord GOD concerning Edom; We have heard a rumour from the LORD, and an ambassador is sent among the heathen, Arise ye, and let us rise up… …   Wiktionary

  • Obadiah —    Servant of the Lord.    1) An Israelite who was chief in the household of King Ahab (1 Kings 18:3). Amid great spiritual degeneracy he maintained his fidelity to God, and interposed to protect The Lord s prophets, an hundred of whom he hid at… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

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